COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE

 

Comparative

Superlative

one syllable

-er

-est

short

shorter

The shortest

 

 

 

If there is one syllable with the spelling consonant + single vowel + consonant  you need to double the final consonant:

fat

fatter

fattest

big

bigger

biggest

sad

sadder

saddest



 

 

Comparative

Superlative

two syllables

 -er OR more       

-est OR most

ending in: -y, -ly

-ow
ending in: -le, -er
                                      

tidy

tidier/ more tidy

tidiest/ most tidy

happy

happier/ more happy

happiest/ most happy

 

 

 

 

Comparative

Superlative

three syllables or more

more + adj

most + adj

beautiful

more beautiful

most beautiful

charismatic

more charismatic

most charismatic

 

Examples:

·        Mat Damon  is charismatic,  Brad Pitt is more charismatic but George Clooney is the most charismatic man I’ve ever seen.

·        My house is big, Nicole Kidman’s house is bigger, but Queen Elizabeth’s house is the biggest.

 

IRREGULAR COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES

 

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

little

less

least

much

more

most

far

further / farther

furthest / farthest

 

 

 

 

COMPARATIVE + THAN

  • Germany  is colder than Italy.
  • Japan is smaller than China.
  • A bottle of milk is cheaper than a bottle of whisky.
  • Bill Gates is richer than me.

 

AS + ADJECTIVE + AS

·         Frankfurt  is as cold as Berlin.

·         Nicole Kidman is as popular as Angelina Jolie.

·         German grammar is as difficult as Spanish grammar.

NOT AS + ADJECTIVE + AS

·         Paris Hilton is not as beutiful as Jennifer Aniston.

·         Moscow is not as sunny as Turkey.

·         Tea is not as strong as coffee.